[community] Differentiating Accessibility, Universal Design and Inclusive Design

Pina D'Intino pina.dintino at gmail.com
Wed Oct 26 18:45:38 UTC 2016


I'm sorry if I'm being   persistent on this, but I'd really would like us to  consider tying usability in the  Inclusive section. We say accessibility and universal is part of inclusion, but in my option and based on many experiences, something can be accessible  and even while using a participatory design or approach,  there is no guarantee that it will actually be usable by all.
 So in my opinion if we are talking about  inclusion or inclusive design the output also has to be usable.
Sincerely,
Pina
-----Original Message-----
From: community [mailto:community-bounces at lists.idrc.ocadu.ca] On Behalf Of Lizbeth Goodman
Sent: Wednesday, October 26, 2016 2:46 AM
To: Liskovoi, Lisa
Cc: Inclusive Design Community
Subject: Re: [community] Differentiating Accessibility, Universal Design and Inclusive Design

Thanks Jutta and all for the invitation to contribute to this thinking!

I see Jutta's statements as very powerful, and have here woven in a few lines of my own emphasizing Intention and Empathy as well as weaving in key ideas suggested by others in this stream. I hope this helps a bit?

***
'Accessibility' is a term to describe is an intended outcome for persons who experience disabilities or other social, physical, educational, health-related, intellectual or cognitive barriers to full active participation in all aspects of daily life.

'Universal design', as it is currently articulated, is a term which describes a prescriptive set of universal quality criteria for a design tool. Universal Design, as expressed in the English language definitions currently in use, assumes a 'norm' or 'mainstream' population for whom tools, services and technologies can best be designed, and then further assumes a set of 'marginal', 'extreme user groups' who are seen to 'deviate' from the norm in some way, and are described in terms of their 'deficits' and their 'special needs' in relation to achieving the tasks of daily life using tools designed for the assumed 'normal' majority.

Inclusive Design is a term which rejects the notion of a 'norm' and which insists instead that each individual person is best defined in accordance with her or his own strengths and abilities,  and which further focuses on
a) achieving an integrated personal fit for the full range of human diversity, b) the process of design and who participates in the design decisions, and c) the indirect impact of the design or the design in its larger context.

Inclusive design is more than an outcome or a set of design criteria. It is an informed, systemic approach arising from years of intense participatory action research using a community design methodology, which intends to guard against the risk that persons will be excluded by the outcome, the set of criteria, the design process, or the indirect impact of a design. As such, 'Inclusive Design' as a term encompasses both 'accessibility' and 'Universal Design'.

'Inclusive Design' is an holistic social, educational and technological methodological approach: a methodology comprising key tested tools for the informed co-design of a more inclusive society, accessible to all people.
'Universal Design' is one of the methods or tools that can be tested in the overall methodology of ID. Accessibility of all public spaces, public ideas, services, educational and communication technologies, and personalized versions thereof, is the aim or intention of Inclusive Design.

***

All Best, Lizbeth



On 25 October 2016 at 21:35, Liskovoi, Lisa <lliskovoi at ocadu.ca> wrote:

> I like this definition of accessibility from My Blind Spot (
> http://myblindspot.org/mbs-accessibility-defined/):
>
> Accessibility is the degree to which a product, device, service, or 
> environment is available to as many people as possible. Accessibility 
> can be viewed as the "ability to access" and benefit from some system 
> or entity. The concept often focuses on people with disabilities or 
> special needs (such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with 
> Disabilities) and their right of access, enabling the use of assistive technology.
>
> ________________________________
>
> LISA LISKOVOI
> INCLUSIVE DESIGNER AND ACCESSIBILITY SPECIALIST INCLUSIVE DESIGN 
> RESEARCH CENTRE
>
> T 416 977 6000 x3961
> E lliskovoi at ocadu.ca<mailto:lliskovoi at ocadu.ca>
>
> OCAD UNIVERSITY
> 100 McFaul Street, Toronto, Canada M5T 1W1 
> www.ocadu.ca<http://www.ocadu.ca>
>
> On Oct 25, 2016, at 4:11 PM, Treviranus, Jutta <jtreviranus at ocadu.ca 
> <mailto:jtreviranus at ocadu.ca>> wrote:
>
> I’m part of a number of UN Committees and was requested to both define 
> inclusive design and differentiate inclusive design from accessibility 
> and Universal Design.
>
> I would love to get your thoughts and suggestions as this will go into 
> some fairly far-reaching documents.
>
> Here is my proposed wording for the differentiation (not the definition):
>
> Accessibility is an intended outcome for persons that experience 
> disabilities.
>
> Universal design, as it is currently articulated, is a set of 
> universal quality criteria for a design.
>
> Inclusive design focuses on a) achieving an integrated personal fit 
> for the full range of human diversity, b) the process of design and 
> who participates in the design decisions, and c) the indirect impact 
> of the design or the design in its larger context.
>
> Inclusive design is more than an outcome or a set of design criteria. 
> It is a systemic approach that guards against the risk that persons 
> will be excluded by the outcome, the set of criteria, the design 
> process, or the indirect impact of a design. As such Inclusive Design 
> encompasses both accessibility and Universal Design.
>
>
>
> Thoughts?
>
> Jutta
>
>
>
> ________________________________________
> Inclusive Design Community (community at lists.idrc.ocadu.ca<mailto:
> community at lists.idrc.ocadu.ca>)
> To manage your subscription, please visit: http://lists.idrc.ocadu.ca/ 
> mailman/listinfo/community
>
> ________________________________________
> Inclusive Design Community (community at lists.idrc.ocadu.ca) To manage 
> your subscription, please visit: http://lists.idrc.ocadu.ca/ 
> mailman/listinfo/community
>



--
Professor Lizbeth Goodman, BA, MA, MLitt, PhD Chair of Creative Technology Innovation Professor of Inclusive Design, School of MME College of Engineering and Architecture

Founder/Director, SMARTlab
Director, the Inclusive Design Research Centre of Ireland @ UCD Founder, The MAGIC Multimedia and Games Innovation Centre

C/o SMARTlab
University College Dublin
Belfield
Dublin 4
Ireland

office: +353 (0) 1 716 1873
mobile: + 353 (0) 86 221 7902
uk mobile: + 44 (0) 7900 691604
usa mobile: + 1 917 2944108
skype:  lizbethlynn2

http://www.ucd.ie/smartlab/
www.ucd.ie/smartlab/idrc/
www.smartlab-ie.com
www.innovationalliance.ie/academy
www.safespaces.net
________________________________________
Inclusive Design Community (community at lists.idrc.ocadu.ca) To manage your subscription, please visit: http://lists.idrc.ocadu.ca/mailman/listinfo/community



More information about the community mailing list