[community] Differentiating Accessibility, Universal Design and Inclusive Design

Peter Pennefather p.pennefather at gmail.com
Tue Oct 25 20:39:20 UTC 2016

Hi Jutta,

My recently graduated PhD student, Fatima Lakha, has developed a framework
for evaluating processes carried out by clinicians in developing care plans
for people experiencing chronic pain. In some ways the development of a
design process. Because her key informants where the pain clinic directors
and not the patients she had no direct access to care outcome results, so
she was careful the distinguish between outcomes driven by the inputs and
the processes and the more immediate outputs of the process of designing
care plans. Keeping that distinction in mind, how about modifying the last
paragraph so that it would be easier to establish whether an inclusive
design process was applied

*The idea is that inclusive design is more than an output of a design
process. It is a systematic approach that guards against the risk that
persons will be excluded(disabled) as a result of the design process
outputs, such as: the set of criteria and constraints specified by the
design, the design process itself, or the direct or indirect impact of the

Peter Pennefather,
cell 647-773-3987; p.pennefather at utoronto.ca

On Tue, Oct 25, 2016 at 4:11 PM, Treviranus, Jutta <jtreviranus at ocadu.ca>

> I’m part of a number of UN Committees and was requested to both define
> inclusive design and differentiate inclusive design from accessibility and
> Universal Design.
> I would love to get your thoughts and suggestions as this will go into
> some fairly far-reaching documents.
> Here is my proposed wording for the differentiation (not the definition):
> Accessibility is an intended outcome for persons that experience
> disabilities.
> Universal design, as it is currently articulated, is a set of universal
> quality criteria for a design.
> Inclusive design focuses on a) achieving an integrated personal fit for
> the full range of human diversity, b) the process of design and who
> participates in the design decisions, and c) the indirect impact of the
> design or the design in its larger context.
> Inclusive design is more than an outcome or a set of design criteria. It
> is a systemic approach that guards against the risk that persons will be
> excluded by the outcome, the set of criteria, the design process, or the
> indirect impact of a design. As such Inclusive Design encompasses both
> accessibility and Universal Design.
> Thoughts?
> Jutta
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